快捷搜索:

官员问研究员停止共享科学论文& # 8211但是应该# 8217 t科学是免费的

She’;s been called everything from a pirate to the Robin Hood of science。 Alexandra Elbakyan put up a portal that now gives access over 48 million journal articles –; the greater part of everything that’;s ever been published。 Despite a court injunction and a lawsuit from Elsevier, one of the world’;s biggest publishers she’;s refusing to take it down…; and we feel that’;s a good thing。

How it’;s done

Photo by The Firebottle。

Photo by The Firebottle。

The site in question is called Sci-Hub, and the way it works is simple yet pretty creative。 If you go on it and search for a published paper, it will do two things: first of all, it scans if the paper is available through LibGen, a (pirate) search engine for scientific articles and books, which allows free access to otherwise paywalled content。 If it’;s not on LibGen, this is where the creative part starts。

Sci-hub bypasses the journal paywall in real time by using access keys donated by academics。 In other words, it downloads the papers from the journals, in real time, using real passwords donated by people with access to the journals。 Furthermore, after the paper is downloaded, Sci-Hub sends a copy back to LibGen, making sure that it also stays there forever。

The system has allowed millions of people to download papers they needed for their own research and projects, helping them access information which was otherwise simply too expensive。 However, at the end of last year, the site was ordered to be taken down by a New York district court。 Elbakyan has decided to fight this decision, and I’;m glad she did。

Why this is a good thing

There’;s no arguing that scientific journals have done much to help the world。 Having a standardized, peer-reviewed way of disseminating scientific information has accelerated science dramatically…; but along the way, something changed。 Journals became less and less interested in disseminating information, and more and more interested in profit。

The open sharing of research data is not widely practiced。 Of course, this is counterproductive and hinders the development of science。 Photo by Roche DG et al, 2014

Accessing a single paper from a pay-walled journal generally costs $30-40, which is just insane。 If you need to research a specific topic, then you need access to tens or hundreds of such papers, and if your employer or university doesn’;t have access to the journals…;  tough luck。

“;Payment of $32 is just insane when you need to skim or read tens or hundreds of these papers to do research。 I obtained these papers by pirating them,”;Elbakyan told Torrent Freak last year。 “;Everyone should have access to knowledge regardless of their income or affiliation。 And that’s absolutely legal。”;

It’;s too much to pay even for US or UK salaries, but when you consider less developed countries when the average salary is perhaps 10 times less than the UK, it simply becomes impossibly expensive。 Bluntly put, expensive journals are doing just as much to hinder science as they’;re doing to promote it。

Also, it’;s not just less developed areas that are protesting this。 Harvard and Cornell, two of the biggest and most active universities in the world have recently declared that paying for journals is simply too expensive。 Researchers are also taking a stand, with 15,000 scientists vowing to boycott publisher Elsevier。 Governments are discussing ways to make all science open-access and China is set on having everything free。 Some journals are starting to open up, but it’;s only a minority。

本文源自: 环亚娱乐游戏

您可能还会对下面的文章感兴趣: